What is the nature of the mind?

The mind is said to have two parts, one is called Citta and the other Manas. The inner faculty which is directly related to the sense-organs and the organs of voluntary and involuntary action and rules just like a master does over his servants (bhupavat prakritinam) is Manas. The Indriyas cannot perform their respective functions without the aid of Manas. That is why we cannot cognise any object nor can we do any work if we become inattentive. Continue reading “What is the nature of the mind?”

How can infinite Absolute Knowers (Purusa) exist not limited by one another?

Q: If the number of Purushas (Atmas) be infinite they must be limited by one another. If a room is filled by ten articles of equal size then each article is one-tenth the size of the room, each being bounded in space by the others. The same must be the case with Purushas?

A: Had Purusha been a spatial object then it would have been so. The rule that when there are more objects than one, they are limited by one another (bahutve sasimatvam) is applicable only to objects occupying space and not to those that do not occupy space, such as mental images. If ten people standing side by side see an object, will everyone see one-tenth of it? Continue reading “How can infinite Absolute Knowers (Purusa) exist not limited by one another?”

Summary of Samkhya teachings

Q: What in brief are the main propositions of the Samkhya Philosophy?

A: Samkhya teachings may be summed up as follows: Everything that exists, which one can either perceive through one’s senses or conceive of, is constituted by the twenty five principles of Tattvas. Objects, subtle and gross, constituted by the Tattvas are of two kinds, the sentient beings and the insentient manifestations. Continue reading “Summary of Samkhya teachings”

Samkhya is not atheistic

Q: Samkhya, propounds the view that the universe was created by Lord Hiranyagarbha. How is it reconciled with the commonly held notion that Samkhya does not accept the existence of Isvara?

A: Samkhyaites hold the view with supportive reason that the universe is created and maintained by an omniscient and omnipotent Lord whom they call “Isvara with attributes.” Continue reading “Samkhya is not atheistic”